If the summer holidays are a time of disconnection for adults, why children have to do homework when the school year ends? If you have worked enough in class, do not you deserve a good rest? Is it necessary to have a child who has passed the course before a workbook?
Controversial is the issue of homework in summer. In fact, there are few studies demonstrating the utility, at a cognitive level, these school work and leisure time without teachers, ie without a pedagogical support behind. Should parents exercise teacher? They are useful for our children homework on holiday?
The debate is on the table, some teachers, parents and educators are in favor and others against. Breaking with this controversy will require several studies and paradigm shifts that take into account the many aspects that coincide in education.
In favor of summer homework
Create a habit of study.
The duties serve to consolidate what has been learned during the course.
Introduce students and prepare for the next course.
Summer vacations are a rest period but this does not mean that students put aside their learning process.
Reinforce student autonomy and are a good vehicle to motivate the student in consultation and research activities.
They are a good diagnostic tool. In the homework you can tell if they have acquired basic skills or not the school year.
They help to learn to manage time.
Promote participation and family involvement in the educational developments and communication with teachers.
Against summer homework
The word “duties” and sounds obligation and force is the worst thing you can do to motivate. Unmotivated, without curiosity and enthusiasm never can create a proper study habits.
Elementary school children are under intellectual development, have not yet acquired the capacity to concentrate long time, so that is not very useful to have them in front of a workbook. The child needs to play to develop their capabilities, ie, need to first discover and invent to after reaching the discipline and learning that require homework outside of school.
Create family tensions, parents are not teachers or pedagogically can not help their children, and not all children acquire the necessary knowledge in a rapid manner, which can cause great frustration to both parents and children
There is no feedback to the teacher once completed these summer-school work. Who has to correct these notebooks, professor incoming, outgoing, …?
Work overload teacher who has to correct the work of all students before the school year started, which takes time to already overburdened education systems.
Anyway, between theories for and against theories we can always find a happy medium where school and leisure converge duties. The fundamental thing is to learn to think.
Change the word “homework” for “research” changes the concept acquired from the idea that children have homework (boring, repetitive, mandatory). Children like to investigate, discover things, ask questions. And the time will come to intellectualize the answers.
Contextualize what they learned at school with leisure time can also be a good alternative. For example, if in the course have studied the planets, a good idea would lead them to a planetarium or even a simple night excursion to see the stars can be an adventure to activate the motivation and enthusiasm for learning.
Parents are not teachers but can teach. Planning together excursions, divided tasks seeking online information about recreational activities, visits to museums or even, for example, create a clock to learn to read the hours, all these activities are also valid for involving parents in the educational development of children.
Read with them, what they want, ask them the argument is a way to learn and acquire vocabulary memory methods. Giving watercolors, pencils, colored paper to translate what they have read is also a good way to stimulate your imagination and creativity to free that, in itself, already have acquired.
In short, homework and summer holidays would not have to be competing activities, instead, teach them to learn in a free manner, without neglecting its own evolution, teach enthusiasm and curiosity about the environment, can become so enriching for children and parents.